Gozo, also known as Ghawdex (Aw-desh) in the past, had a population of roughly 37,342. The people are known as Gozitans (Ghawdxin---Aw-Tshin). Gozo is more rural than Malta and fishing and agriculture play a major role in the life of a Gozitan.
Historically, Gozo and Malta are linked through time. Most of the nations who conquered Malta have also conquered Gozo. However, during 1978 and 1801, Gozitans did not want to be part of the Maltese Island. This “independence” was shortly outlived and Gozo was again governed by Malta. In 1993 Gozitan localities finally managed to have some sort of “power” when 14 Local Councils were introduced.
Tourists and travelers who wish to visit Gozo must land in Malta first. Then they must take the Ferry from Cirkewwa to Mgarr because there is no airport on this Island. For a period of time, there was a Helicopter Service from Malta to Gozo but this serviced was terminated in 2006.
Fun fact about Gozo is that is has always been associated with Ogygia, the island featured in Odyssey. This is where Calypso held Odysseus captive for several years before releasing him to continue his journey.